The MT-799 is a free format SWIFT message type in which a banking institution confirms that funds are in place to cover a potential trade. This can, on occasion, be used as an irrevocable undertaking, depending on the language used in the MT-799, but is not a promise to pay or any form of bank guarantee in its standard format. The function of the MT-799 is simply to assure the seller that the buyer does have the necessary funds to complete the trade.
The MT-799 is usually issued before a contract is signed and before a letter of credit or bank guarantee is issued. After the MT-799 has been received by the seller’s bank, it is then normally the responsibility of the seller’s bank to send a POP (proof of product) to the buyer’s bank, at which point the trade continues towards commencement.
The actual payment method commonly used is a documentary letter of credit, which the seller presents to the issuing or confirming bank along with shipping documents. Once the bank confirms the documents, the seller is then paid. An alternative method is to use a bank guarantee in place of a letter of credit. It is normally at the seller’s discretion which method of payment is used.
How Do I Issue A MT-799
The short answer is that you don’t. Approach your bank, and make an arrangement with them to have an MT-799 issued to the seller’s bank. Some banks are reluctant to issue MT-799′s, as these make them liable for the full cost of the trade, which can sometimes be in the millions. A bank will normally not issue an MT-799 without some form of collateral to secure their own interests, so be prepared to put up a hefty amount of collateral.
What Does A MT-799 Look Like?
An MT-799 is an automated message sent electronically from one bank to another, so you won’t really ‘see’ an MT-799 at all. The paperwork associated with an MT-799 will vary from bank to bank, though most banks follow a similar format.
What Information Do I Need To Send A MT-799?
You will need the following information to send an MT-799.
- Name of the advising bank.
- LC Number.
- LC Amount.
- Tenor of Draft.
- Latest shipment date.
- Person or entity liable for confirmation fee.
- Whether the LC is restricted for negotiation or not.
- A description of the merchandise.
- Port and/or country where commodity will be loaded.
- Port and/or country where commodity will be unloaded.